Sterilization is the surgical process through which the fallopian tubes of a woman are either blocked or a small length is cut off and the ends are stitched to stop the child bearing capacity. Sterilization can be achieved through application of heat, chemicals, irradiation, or filtration. It is the function of the fallopian tubes to carry the sperm to the ovary for fertilization of the egg. After sterilization, the ovaries and womb work normally, except that the eggs do not become fertilized.
Who Can Opt for Sterilization?
Sterilization is a semi-permanent procedure while other methods like IUCDs, oral pills, spermicides, and condoms are reversible processes, and a woman can choose to get pregnant after discontinuing these. One of the first things to decide is which partner will undergo permanent sterilization. Women have the option of having a tubal ligation, while men may choose to have a vasectomy performed. However, when a woman wants a permanent contraception method, healthcare providers advise sterilization. Reversing sterilization is very expensive and is difficult to perform, and healthcare professionals advise against it. So the decision for sterilization should be well thought out, sound, and strong.
Sterilization operation is performed under general anesthesia. A laparoscope is inserted through a small cut in the tummy and two clips are placed on the fallopian tubes using fine instruments. This method might leave room for pregnancy. During female sterilization, the tubes are blocked so that the egg and sperm cannot meet. A tubal does not remove any organs. It is not a hysterectomy. A tubal does not cause menopause. After a tubal, a woman's ovaries still produce female hormones. She will continue to have monthly periods and her sex drive and her ability to have sex will remain the same.
The operation will not change a woman's skin, breasts, or weight. The only change is that she cannot become pregnant. For a more permanent and reliable healthcare solutions, many professionals advocate a second method in which small parts of the fallopian tubes are cut and the ends are stitched. The operation is usually performed as an outpatient procedure, and patients may be discharged after a few hours.