A hernia is a weakness in the muscles which form the front of the body wall. Usually, the bowel, and more rarely other organs, can push through this weak spot and create a bulge in the area.
A hernia occurs when part of an internal organ bulges through a weak area of muscle. Most hernias occur in the abdomen. There are several types of hernias, including
• Inguinal, the most common type, is in the groin
Various types of Hernia:
• Umbilical, around the belly button
• Incisional, through a scar
• Hiatal, a small opening in the diaphragm that allows the upper part of the stomach to move up into the chest.
• Congenital diaphragmatic, a birth defect that needs surgery
• Inguinal Hernia.
• Umbilical Hernia.
• Paraumbilical Hernia.
• Incisional Hernia
• Epigastric Hernia
• Ventral Hernia
• Femoral Hernia
• Spigelian Hernia
• Hiatus Hernia
• Lumbar Hernia
• Obturator Hernia
The open procedure can be done using an "inguinal block", which involves an injection of local anaesthetic to completely block feeling from the groin area. You will stay awake during the operation. Alternatively a general anaesthetic may be used. This means you will be asleep during the operation. For more information, please see the separate BUPA health factsheets, General anaesthesia, and Local anaesthesia and sedation.