What Is a Cervix Biopsy?
A cervical biopsy is a test in which tissue samples are taken from the cervix and examined for disease or other problems. This minor healthcare procedure is a diagnostic tool used to diagnose possible problems due to growth of abnormal cells in the cervix.
Who Requires a Cervix Biopsy?
If your healthcare provider has noticed any abnormal cell growth on your cervix, you will need a cervix biopsy (cone biopsy of cervix) to determine the nature of the growth. The tissue sample from the cervical biopsy will be examined by a pathologist who will report to your doctor whether the cells appear normal or abnormal. Look at the cervix for problem areas when a Pap test was abnormal. If an area of abnormal tissue is found during colposcopy, a cervical biopsy or a biopsy from inside the opening of the cervix (endocervical canal) is usually done. This precludes using alternative diagnosis methods such as x-rays and scans.
What Happens in a Cervix Biopsy?
Cone biopsy of cervix requires a complete anesthetic. When an abnormality is located, a sample (biopsy) may be taken using a small biopsy forceps or a large needle. More than one sample may be taken. Cells from the cervical canal may be used as samples as well. The surgeon will examine your cervix through the vagina and remove a cone-shaped section of the surface layer that will be sent to a laboratory for assessment. During post-operative care, usually lasting two days, your healthcare provider will supply necessary painkillers and an IV drip to replenish salt, sugar, water, and blood. An alternative method is the Schiller's test, which uses an iodine solution to stain the cervix. The stain is inserted through the speculum. The iodine solution stains the normal portions of the cervix, but does not stain abnormal tissues.